Erscheinungsdatum: 09/2008, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: In-situ Conservation of Indigenous Trees, Titelzusatz: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Central Malawi, Autor: Kruse Thorben, Verlag: VDM Verlag, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Sozialwissenschaften allgemein, Seiten: 88, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 150 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Incorporating indigenous knowledge into agriculture systems in Malawi ab 78.99 € als Taschenbuch: The case of farmers in northern Malawi. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Politikwissenschaft,
This book is about farming systems in Malawi. It depicts farmers' production of knowledge through experimentation and observations to generate best practices, based on local knowledge, that ensure food security, improved livelihoods and a 'fuller' life. It also demonstrates the complexity of interactions, contestations and negotiations at farm level of indigenous and western scientific knowledge in the production of farmers' farming practices.
Indigenous trees play major roles in the rurallivelihood of communities in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in terms of their environmental service function and contribution of tree products to the rural household economy. However, the high rate of deforestation in Malawi raises concerns on the future supply of these natural resources. A case study was conducted in Dedza district in central Malawi during 2005 to investigate conservation of semi-wild indigenous trees growing and retained at smallholder farms. The study aims at identifying factors influencing conservation and the use/ non-use of conservation practices of indigenous trees. Households were interviewed in two different Extension Planning Areas of Dedza district. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data on demographic, farm household, tree crop and institutional support issues. Data were analysed by logistic regression analysis. Results show that indigenous tree conservation practices vary between the two locations in form and intensity. Factors associated with these differences are various socio-economic factors that are influencing the decision of smallholders to conserve the trees.
The subject of best practices continues to lead debate on bilingual education, especially in the developing world where education systems were predominantly modelled on pre-independence policies. In Malawi's transitional bilingual education programme, there are plans to incorporate 12 major indigenous languages as media of instruction at the primary school level. Along this line, this study analyses the pedagogical needs related to bilingual education of two primary schools in Malawi. Specifically, the research examines the classroom practices, teaching strategies, curriculum standards, teacher-training needs and roles of key players at the two schools. The study uses classroom observations and four questionnaires to analyse these pedagogical practices basing on two major theoretical frameworks: Cummins (1986) four major characteristics of successful bilingual schools and Cloud, Genesee and Hamayan's (2000) critical ingredients of bilingual education. The analysis highlights some best practices required in bilingual education, and would particularly be useful to educationists, policy-makers and postgraduate linguistics students.
A study conducted to characterise Indigenous Chicken (IC) phenotypes using their products (eggs) and productivity in Malawi. Ten eggs collected from six IC phenotypes offspring (Naked Neck, Normal black, Kaphulusa, Spotted, crested hair and Frizzled and Black Australorp as a control) belonging to 200 birds collected from two Districts, Mzimba and Lilongwe, raised under intensive system and breed within the phenotype. Production traits were also recorded, number of eggs laid per hen per clutch, number of clutches per year and number of eggs hatched. The results from the study revealed different IC phenotypes having different protein fraction concentrations. Crested hair having higher protein concentration, 0.8386g/ml (0.4183 and 0.4203g/ml globulin and albumin fraction respectively (p0.05). Normal black had the least protein concentration, 0.1915g/ml (0.0515 and 0.1400g/ml (p0.05) globulin and albumin concentration respectively. The results also show that different IC phenotypes have different productivity performance with Kaphulusa being the best IC phenotypes having higher hatchability value of 71% (p0.05) and number of eggs per clutch (14) despite being least on egg weight.