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Erscheinungsdatum: 12/2012, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Community Based Targeting. Can it Work?, Titelzusatz: A Study of Factors Determining Effectivity of Community-based Method of Targeting, a Case of Malawi Social Cash Transfer, Autor: Kaluluma, Reagan Hendreson, Verlag: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Politikwissenschaft, Seiten: 96, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 161 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Community Based Targeting; Can it Work? ab 78.99 € als Taschenbuch: A Study of Factors Determining Effectivity of Community-based Method of Targeting a Case of Malawi Social Cash Transfer. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, Wissenschaft, Politikwissenschaft,
Since the early 1990s, the focus of water resources management shifted from technology transfer towards decentralised and user cantered approaches emphasizing stakeholder participation and local organisational development in the form of water user institutions (Clyma, 1989, Dube and Swatuk, 2002, Manzungu, 2004, Kujinga, 2002). Within the Southern African region, a number of countries, which include Malawi, Mozambique, NamibiaaSince the 1990s, the focus for water resources management shifted from sectoral approaches to integrated water resources management (IWRM) which among other things emphasizes stakeholder participation (Global Water Partnership, 2002, Dube and Swatuk, 2002). Within the Southern African region, a number of countries which include Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe embarked on water reform processes in the 1990s and stakeholder participation was identified as critical in sustainable water resources management (Kujinga and Manzungu, 2004). In Zimbabwe, stakeholder participation in water resources management was broadened through the promulgation of the 1998 Water Act [Chapter 20:24] which replaced the 1976 Water Act.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Rugby union in Mozambique is a minor but growing sport. As a former Portuguese colony, rugby has been a late arrival to Mozambique. Although rugby has been played in Portugal for decades, it has never become a major sport, and it did not transfer it to its colonies. Beira used to play a series against Nyasaland sides during the 1930s called the Woury Cup. Rugby is centred on the national capital and main city, Maputo. Mozambique''s poverty and lack of infrastructure make it difficult to maintain a proper national league structure. However, the country borders South Africa, where rugby is a major sport, and also neighbours Madagascar and Zimbabwe where the game is popular, as well as Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia, all of which have had a historical rugby presence. Rugby also has extensive TV coverage on satellite networks in Mozambique.
The tobacco companies continue to resist the efforts of NGOs and IGOs for promoting the adoption of laws that will prevent a tobacco epidemic in the developing countries. Using the global advocacy network, the multi-level policy transfer, and the liberal-constructivist theories, this book examines the politics characterizing the adoption of tobacco control policy in Ghana and Malawi. The study finds that neither of the two countries has any legislation that is properly enforced to control tobacco but certain voluntary agreements have been adopted by the Ministry of Health through administrative directives for that purpose. The book concludes that voluntary agreements often considered ineffective tobacco control instruments in many western countries could be the means of controlling the health hazards associated with tobacco in developing countries where the National Parliament fails to adopt tobacco control legislation. This book will be a good material for courses in comparative politics and/or public policy analysis, interest group politics, and public health. Individuals interested in tobacco control in developing countries will also find this research piece very useful.
Using the Malawi Social Cash Transfer Program, this paper examines whether local community people have relevant knowledge about household poverty which can help them conduct successful targeting with minimal errors. The findings challenge the skepticism that local people cannot successfully conduct targeting when properly guided. They have knowledge about poverty as well as its categories and causes, which are similar to those being used by development practitioners, though theirs is up-to-date. The paper argues that community-based methods have great potential of reaching out to the most needy people or households at affordable cost since there is cost sharing with community people, most of whom volunteer their time. The study further confirms that the method works better when the following factors are considered, institutional set up and capacity, financial flow and sustainability, and technical and political support to implementing agencies and agents.
The Montgomery family, David, Katherine, and their three daughters, Brittany, Alicia, and Megan, ages six, four, and two, arrive in Malawi as first-term missionaries with the keen anticipation of learning the language and beginning a fruitful ministry-a long-awaited African dream. Instead, the unexplained absence of a work permit changes their lives dramatically. Just when they have found a wonderful home in the Limbe House, they are forced to leave two days before Christmas, with no expectation of returning. Traveling a thousand miles by car to Kenya, they settle temporarily in 'The Cave,' where homeschooling and learning a new language fill their time. There are blessings and challenges in their new location, and what seems to be angelic intervention in a time of danger, before circumstances require them to return briefly to Malawi. Will the work permit come in time for them to stay in the Limbe House, or will they be forced to pack all their belongings and transfer to a new country? When it seems that all dreams have been shattered, a shocking, last-minute answer to prayer changes dreams to reality. 'The Montgomerys' struggle to realize their African dream reveals how God's providence leads his people, particularly those called into vocational missions. Dr. Meacham's picturesque writing style literally transports readers into the drama of his family's African adventure. Readers will be both inspired and informed by this remarkable story.' -Dr. Fred E. Meeks, Director, Logsdon Seminary Lubbock Program Emeritus Professor of Religion, Wayland Baptist University
This book seeks to communicate to both a global and local audience, the key attributes of pre-industrial African metallurgy such as technological variation across space and time, methods of mining and extractive metallurgy and the fabrication of metal objects. These processes were transformative in a physical and metaphoric sense, which made them total social facts. Because the production and use of metals was an accretion of various categories of practice, a chaine operatoire conceptual and theoretical framework that simultaneously considers the embedded technological and anthropological factors was used. The book focuses on Africa's different regions as roughly defined by cultural geography. On the one hand there is North Africa, Egypt, the Egyptian Sudan, and the Horn of Africa which share cultural inheritances with the Middle East and on the other is Africa south of the Sahara and the Sudan which despite interacting with the former is remarkably different in terms of technological practice. For example, not only is the timing of metallurgy different but so is the infrastructure for working metals and the associated symbolic and sociological factors. The cultural valuation of metals and the social positions of metal workers were different too although there is evidence of some values transfer and multi-directional technological cross borrowing. The multitude of permutations associated with metals production and use amply demonstrates that metals participated in the production and reproduction of society. Despite huge temporal and spatial differences there are so many common factors between African metallurgy and that of other regions of the world. For example, the role of magic and ritual in metal working is almost universal be it in Bolivia, Nepal, Malawi, Timna, Togo or Zimbabwe. Similarly, techniques of mining were constrained by the underlying geology but this should not in any way suggest that Africa's metallurgy was derivative or that the continent had no initiative. Rather it demonstrates that when confronted with similar challenges, humanity in different regions of the world responded to identical challenges in predictable ways mediated as mediated by the prevailing cultural context. The success of the use of historical and ethnographic data in understanding variation and improvisation in African metallurgical practices flags the potential utility of these sources in Asia, Latin America and Europe. Some nuance is however needed because it is simply naïve to assume that everything depicted in the history or ethnography has a parallel in the past and vice versa. Rather, the confluence of archaeology, history and ethnography becomes a pedestal for dialogue between different sources, subjects and ideas that is important for broadening our knowledge of global categories of metallurgical practice.