This book provides a systematic comparison of Religious Education (RE) as it has evolved in the secondary school curriculum of Scotland and Malawi during the past four decades (1970-2010). It seeks to draw analogies and, where valid, to indicate significant points of difference regarding key issues underpinning this development between two countries existing in radically different national contexts, one Western (Scotland) and other African (Malawi). The conceptual framework of the issues described in the book is based on concepts and debates in the discourse of contemporary RE. The book argues that despite some points of difference, there is greater similarity on salient issues regarding the nature of RE in the two countries, in areas such as the need for curriculum reform, micro-politics of reform, provision in schools and status of the subject. Given the challenges the subject faces in Scotland and Malawi, the book concludes that without government intervention and support from other key stakeholders, RE will continue to be regarded as a marginal curriculum subject.
Abortion remains a criminal offence in Malawi. This situation has resulted in most women and young girls accessing abortion services illegally and in most cases inducing their own abortions through various crude means because of the unavailability of abortion services. This situation has resulted in dire medical and psychological complications experienced by these women. The majority of these complications can be avoided if the law on abortion can be relaxed to allow women access quality abortion services without fear of legal consequences. It is clear that the impediments to such a relaxed legal situation is not merely a question of legal reform, but also a battle of hearts and minds, and at times confusing theological discourse.
This study was aimed at assessing the implementation status of the National Decentralisation Policy in Zomba District Council in Malawi given the current situation where the council is operating without ward councilors. It also undertook an exploration of factors affecting the implementation of the National Decentralisation Policy in Zomba District Council and made recommendations which can positively contribute to the effective implementation of the National Decentralisation Policy in Zomba District Council. Using both qualitative and quantitative research design, data for the study was collected using interviews, questionnaires and document analysis. The study found that the implementation of the National Decentralisation Policy in Zomba District Council during the period under study was unsatisfactory.
This national, representative study on living conditions among people with disabilities in Malawi is the result of an international co-operation between Southern Africa Federation of the Disabled (SAFOD), Federation of Disability Organisations in Malawi (FEDOMA), Norwegian Federation of Organisations of Disabled People (FFO), University of Malawi (Centre for Social Research), and SINTEF Health Research. Organisations of people with disabilities and individuals with disabilities have played a key role in design development and implementation of the study. The research instrument comprises a study on living conditions among households with/without disabled members, a screening instrument (for disability), a section with specific questions to individuals with disabilities, and a matrix that represents an operationalisation of core concepts from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Results from the study demonstrated systematic differences in that individuals with disabilities/households with disabled members report lower level of living on a number of indicators. Furthermore, serious gaps in service delivery were demonstrated.
This book is an MSc research thesis titled, Assessment of the chemical quality of groundwater for drinking, which was carried out in the Kachindamoto Traditional Authority area of Dedza District in Malawi. The area was ideal for such a study because of the reported saline water which was being used in the surrounding areas. Government's efforts to achieve the millennium development goal of halving the proportion of the population without access to safe drinking water has concentrated on construction of boreholes in rural areas on of Malawi where over 80% of the population live. There are no accredited water supply utilities which are treating the water before it is supplied. As such an assessment of the chemical quality of the water that is being used from these boreholes is necessary in order to determine how safe it is for drinking and other domestic uses. This book is good for scholars in the area of water resources management, hydrochemistry, hydrogeology and it is also appropriate for civil society groups who are trying to help people in the rural areas especially giving them water for domestic use and sanitation, government when it is trying to invest in water resources.
Children with incarcerated mothers are considered to be one of the most vulnerable and at risk populations across the globe. Despite vast research on prisons in Malawi, inadequate research has been conducted in the field of children who live with their mothers in prisons, irrespective of the fact that they pose to be one of probable growing category of prison population. The purpose of this study, was to explore and highlight vulnerability, in terms of challenges that children who live with their mothers in Malawian prisons face and find reasons behind such. Data for this study was collected using qualitative research techniques. Max Weber s typology of authority and William Ogburn s theory of cultural lag have been used as guiding tools in assessing the operations of prisons in Malawi. Findings show that despite provisions in laws governing the operations of prisons, children in Malawian prison face enormous challenges and yet they have never committed any crime at all. It has been observed that it is not possible to change the living conditions of the children living in prison alone without changing those of their mothers.
As we all know, in a factor driven economy it s a challenge to stimulate, support and sustain entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship cannot be taken in isolation without the active support of the Government. Hence, there is a need for policy support, education, training and innovation by the Government to promote entrepreneurship. The book consists of several small yet new ideas that can accelerate the growth and culture of entrepreneurship. How a small idea like utilizing the Common Property Resources can bring a sea change in the lives of millions of people at the bottom of the pyramid, a School for Entrepreneurship in the Commonwealth of Dominica could really bring a culture of entrepreneurship in the Caribbean and access to micro-credit by the women, who earn less than a Dollar for the day, could provide gainful employment and eradicate poverty in a very big way in the central African country of Malawi are few of the examples. This book will be useful to the students, entrepreneurs, academicians, government and trainers in the field of entrepreneurship.
Africa Elevate was founded by a group of young African academics who are executives in various organizations across the continent who served voluntarily for NAYD as Research leads for their countries. In this launch issue, Africa Elevate brings together voices from different African countries including Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Botswana, Rwanda, Malawi, Michigan and South Africa. Young people report on issues affecting rural communities in their countries, but most importantly they give a glimpse of what these communities would look like if these challenges are addressed collaboratively with the local community members by demonstrating successful development models. This is, without a doubt, the right step towards a more participatory and democratic development that values people's experiences and local knowledge. The book is a summary of the South African land issue, Botswana's Bokaa village successful development model, Energy Poverty Sustainable Solutions for the local Communities in Sudan, socio-economic conditions of women extracting salt from Djègbadji Benin, Youth in Agriculture in Africa, Improving Youth Livelihoods in Communities in Iganga and many more.
Migration in Mozambique is firstly a continuation of traditional routes of trade and labour migration in both northern and southern Mozambique. Secondly, in northern Mozambique, the overall trend of migration into the city capital is still low. This is due to the great travel distance. However other influencing factor is the northern region's strong connection of the regional economy with bordering countries to the north Tanzania and Malawi. Thirdly in northern Mozambique, women are still tied by patriarchy norms with a little evidence of the impact of past-independence events. Fourthly women from southern Mozambique have gained relative freedom to move from their homelands without previous agreements with in-laws. Lastly, the thesis demonstrates that post independence events have changed the structure of households and way of life matters including migration. This is done outside the traditional structure of the household greatly impacting southern Mozambican culture.